TE AO WHANUI/ IN THE WIDER WORLD

Ngau Tai, Waiohua, Ngati Hine Kaitiakitanga Shields I and II 1993

A shield of any kind usually has at least two functions: obviously one for protection and another to assert warriorhood, if not political conviction. While it can be raised or lowered to deflect harm away from the body, it can also be brandished ceremoniously in demonstration of armoured power. The shield form is better known outside Aotearoa in the African continent, in Papua New Guinea, and at various times in European military history. Given Karaka's well-known and valiant efforts to inject politics into her painting, this work should be interpreted as a political statement on local and global levels.

Karaka's paintings continuously refer to Maori culture as deserving of recognition and protection, and in turn they unflinchingly criticise colonialist misdeeds of the past. While the shields that she has constructed have obvious references to Maori cultural history, including that of the Te Waiohua iwi of which she is part, they also resonate with references to other political struggles, particularly those of many indigenous peoples around the world who have similarly suffered the 'downside' of colonialism.

These shields are both protective devices and emblems of the crusader for human rights, including those that directly affect Maori people. These are shields of Kaitiakitanga, a Maori language term that amounts to much more than mere 'guardianship' as it is usually translated. Kaitiakitanga is a multi-layered concept that can be applied within and beyond our shores. Karaka's shields testify, as history so often does, to the fact that that change and redress must be fought for, in the hope of a better, brighter future. JD

Emare Karaka b.1952
Ngau Tai, Waiohua, Ngati Hine

Kaitiakitanga Shields I and II 1993

Mixed media

The Fletcher Trust Collection

Emare Karaka has written, "As mana whenua we have a spiritual obligation to protect the land. This obligation transcends time and man-made laws. Our earth mother is in jeopardy and it is time that man is made accountable for the abuse and assault he has made on her."

These two shields, assembled without conventional artistic finesse in a variety of materials, are made to look ferocious. Their asymmetries and garish colours are a call to arms from an artist who is, as she herself says, always discussing issues that are economic, social and environmental.

Inscribed with repeated references to her own Waiohua iwi, Emare Karaka's personal concerns, like those of Ralph Hotere, widen to include a whole world endangered by the environmentally detrimental effects of global warming, known yet still insufficiently heeded by those in positions of great responsibility. PS

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